Adequate and balanced diet is a key element for health in all stages of life.
The purpose of nutrition is not just to eat. Nutrition should be able to provide sufficient amounts of all nutrients based on the age, gender, physiological condition of the person (a child, pregnant woman, elderly, sportsperson, etc.). It is important for regular and balanced functioning of the cells that make up our body to take adequate and balanced amounts of nutrients such as fats, carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and minerals.
People need more than 50 nutrients for their life. The amount of each nutrient needed per day by people to grow and develop, and to have a healthy and productive life for a long time has been determined.
If any of these nutrients is not taken or taken more or less than necessary, growth and development is inhibited and health is impaired. “Adequate diet” means adequate intake of energy and nutrients that the body needs to be healthy and productive. The term "balanced diet" defines balanced intake of nutrients according to each other and according to meals.
People having an adequate and balanced diet can also be noticed by their appearance. They have a sound and healthy appearance. They have an energetic and flexible body, a smooth skin, vivid and bright hair and eyes, strong muscles with normal development, body weight suitable for height, and a structure that does not often get sick.
Movements of people who have an inadequate and unbalanced diet are slow. They may have an unwilling, bent body, a swollen abdomen, various sores and roughness on the skin and they often complain of headaches. They usually have poor appetite and are tired.
Gaining the right eating habits plays an important role in minimizing nutrition-related health problems such as reducing the risk of diseases such as obesity, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and cancer in the society, preventing malnutrition and vitamin-mineral deficiencies.
It should be remembered that adequate and balanced diet is the foundation of health.